Sights of Sicily
The region of Italy, the island of Sicily, with full confidence can be called the cradle of civilization. The historical events that took place here over the centuries have replaced the look and structure of this region. Today you can find a unique combination of rich history and multinational culture, beautiful nature and seascapes. The island of Sicily is located in the Mediterranean Sea, there is something to see and where to relax. Sights, warm sea, amazing nature and warm climate – all this is Sicily. Monuments of architecture in the style of Sicilian Baroque, Byzantine mosaics, a riot of flowers and other beautiful green vegetation amazes the eye.
Etna Volcano as the main attraction of Sicily
In the port city of Sicily, Catania is the main attraction of the region, which was created by nature itself, it is the volcano Etna. This is the highest active volcano in Europe, whose height varies after eruptions. From the very beginning of its existence, Etna erupted about 200 times. In antiquity, these destructive forces of nature were taken by people for a war between gods and giants; in Greek mythology, periods of rest and activity of Etna were described.
The last eruption of this sight in Sicily was recorded in 2011, then on January 31 local authorities ordered to block off the international airport of Catania. Today, the area around the volcano is declared a national park, because so many tourists have shown a real interest in this sight of Sicily. The most curious and courageous can get to the crater of the volcano. This landmark of Sicily can also be called mysterious, because, due to the constantly changing topography, no one has yet managed to create an exact map of the area of the volcano, but there are approximate maps.
If you are one of those brave souls who decides to get to the top of Etna, it is not recommended to go there alone or with people who are uninformed in this area. Here on the slopes of the sights of Sicily – Etna, you can find a lot of active, inactive and periodically active craters, as well as very rainy, foggy or windy weather at the top.
Valley of the Temples – Sicily’s greatest attraction
Another attraction of Sicily can be considered the Valley of the Temples. It is considered an important archaeological site. The valley covers an area of more than a thousand hectares. On its territory there are temples of Concord, Hera, Hercules, Asclepius, as well as the grave of Theron. All these and many other architectural structures belong to the ancient Greek period and were built somewhere in the 6th century BC.
As there are no equal attractions in the Valley of the Temples by area in Europe among other ancient Greek complexes, so the buildings in the Valley themselves are striking in their grandeur. All of them are built in the Doric style and are huge in their height and volume. The temple of Zeus, located here, grew in height more than 30 meters, in width 57, and in length 112 meters.
Botanical Garden of Sicily
In the city of Sicily, Palermo is another attraction of the Botanical Garden. It goes without saying that there is a rich collection of plants collected from almost all the existing continents of the planet. More than 12 thousand species of plants on 10 hectares of the garden amaze the eyes of tourists. The garden was founded in 1779, at the time when the Department of Botany and Medicine was established by the Royal Academy of Sciences. It was the Academy that provided the department with a plot of land for growing medicinal plants and studying them. Later, the plants began to grow in a larger place, since the designated area was not enough.
And in 1786 it was decided to move the Botanical Garden, the current landmark of Sicily, to the site that adjoined the senatorial villa, today it is called Villa Julia. This is where the Botanical Garden is located today. Among the buildings that first began to appear 3 years after the change of place, we can mention such as Caldarium, Tepidarium, Gymnasium and others. All of them were designed in the style of Neoclassicism, and all this was realized by the architect Leon Duforni.
The office of the director of Sicily’s attractions in the Botanical Garden was located in the Gymnasium, and there was also a library. Tepidarium and Caldarium were greenhouses. They had a pool with hot water and warm water. Here plants were grown from temperate and hot climatic zones. Visiting Sicily, be sure to go to the Botanical Garden, making a tour of the region.