Sights of Paris
Probably, even any schoolboy will answer the question with which he associates Paris. Everyone knows that the symbols and the visiting card of the capital of France are the Eiffel Tower, the Arc de Triomphe, the Louvre and the Champs Elysees. Each landmark in Paris has its own history, its own fate.
Landmark of Paris – Notre Dame
One of the famous sights, which is often mentioned in prose and poems, is Notre Dame de Paris. It began to be built in 1163, when Louis 7 of France ruled. The construction of the nave was completed by about 1196, and continued to complete the construction of the cathedral during this period only on the main facade. The main altar of the cathedral was consecrated in 1182, construction of the rear pediment began in 1200, and in 1250 the building was built. Interior decoration, as a separate type of work on the decor was completed by 1315. The construction of the towers was completed only in 1245, and the entire cathedral was already built in 1345.
In French, the name of the cathedral sounds like Notre-Dame de Paris, its architect is Jean de Chelles, who worked on the design and managed the construction from 1250 to 1265. Another talented architect, whose name was Pierre de Montreuil, worked with him in tandem on the creation of a great cathedral. He completed the work, and worked on the creation of Notre Dame until 1267. Of course, they say that in addition to the two well-known names that we hear about today, many other designers were sweating over the creation of the cathedral, since different parts of the building differ from each other in style. This versatility in styles gives the right to observe in the design of the facade and interior decoration Romanesque during Normandy, as well as the influence of the Gothic style.
Landmark of Paris – Arc de Triomphe
Another attraction of Paris is the Arc de Triomphe, which rises in the center of the Place de la Stars. It is considered a grand project by Jean-Francois Schalgren and the official symbol of Paris. The building was under construction for 30 years and 10 million francs were allocated for work. According to Napoleon, the arch was supposed to symbolize the strength of the imperial army and power. Construction of the Arc de Triomphe was completed by 1836, when the ruler was no longer alive and he was buried on the island of Helena.
From the outside, the arch is decorated with sculptures, and from the inside, the names of the battles and the names of the generals are stamped on it. In 1920, the Eternal Flame was lit here in memory of an unknown soldier who died during the First World War. And in 1970, the square on which the symbol of the capital of France was built, received the double name of Piazza Charles de Gaulle – Etoile. This name e was given after the death of a famous general.
Landmark of Paris – Eiffel Tower
The most famous landmark in Paris is the Eiffel Tower. It is located opposite the Jena Bridge over the Seine, on the Champ de Mars. The tower was built for the World Exhibition in memory of the 100th anniversary of the Revolution, it began to be erected in 1889. The local creative elite criticized the Eiffel Tower and in 1909 they were ready to demolish it. The decision was reversed when the government decided that it could be a good platform for antennas. To the east of the tower there is a lawn, where political rallies are held today and just young people gather.
For tourists on the tower there are three, open to the public, level. It is easier to use the stairs on the south side to climb the first and second platforms, since there are often long queues near the elevators. From the tower offers a beautiful view of the city. The height of the building is more than 300 meters; every 7 years, cosmetic repairs are carried out here, 60 tons of paint of three shades are used to paint it. More than 10 thousand people can be on the tower at the same time. Besides the fact that there is a service for tourists, the facility is used for television broadcasting, radio broadcasting, and is used as a station for the meteorological service. More than 6 million people a year visit the tower.
Landmark of Paris – Disneyland
In addition to the Louvre and the Latin Quarter known to us, Disneyland can be called a bright landmark of Paris. It was opened on July 17, 1955, it is considered a country of fairy tales and fantasies, open to all who want to feel carefree, to return to the world of childhood. Walt Disney visited the idea to create a unique amusement park, in which both children and adults can have fun together, where there will be only one entrance and not similar to any other amusement park, unique in the whole world. Disneyland is designed as a script for a comic book or film.
Tickets to Disneyland are sold for one or several days, as the park cannot be bypassed completely in a few hours. Disneyland is located 32 km from Paris, in summer it is open from 9 am to 11 pm, in winter from 10 am to 8 pm. Purchased tickets are valid for a year. Special subway line RER in 40 minutes takes you directly to the entrance to Disneyland. You can talk about Paris and its sights for a long time, but there is nothing better.