Sights of Cairo
Cairo is famous for its many attractions with a thousand-year history and worldwide fame. The most popular are the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, but many stop at this, not knowing about other amazing places of Cairo. Our article is designed to assist you in properly planning your tour and vacation in the capital of Egypt.
Egyptian Museum – the top attraction of Cairo
The Egyptian Museum is one of the largest and most popular in Cairo. Over the long history, more than 120,000 exhibits of Egyptian culture have gathered here, which are located on two floors of the museum. The first contains an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used by the ancient Egyptians, while the second contains artifacts from the last two dynasties of ancient Egypt and artifacts found in the Valley of the Kings. The tombs of Tutankhamen and the Royal Room of the Mummies, in which there are 27 mummified pharaohs, enjoy special attention.
Abu Simbel – the ancient landmark of Cairo
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site consisting of two massive rock temples in southern Egypt on the western shore of Lake Nasser. In the distant XIII century BC. Pharaoh Ramses the Great decided to build a huge and majestic monument to himself and his queen Nefertari. In the 50s of the last century, a thunderstorm hung over the monument to dive under the waters of Lake Nasser due to the construction of the Aswan Dam, therefore in 1960 the entire temple complex was cut out of rocks, dismantled and completely moved to a safe distance. It was a most complicated architectural task, on the solution of which thousands of people from all over the world worked! Abu Simbel and in our days remains the main tourist attraction of Cairo.
Pyramids of Giza – the first landmark in the world!
The Pyramids of Giza is the oldest tourist attraction on Earth. For thousands of years, they have admired humanity for its size and the mysterious power of ancient civilizations. Today it is proven that the pyramids are the tombs of the Egyptian kings, from where they can make their mystical journey to the afterlife. And they are guarded by the tombs of Abu al-Khol or the Great Sphinx, which is believed to be older than the pyramids themselves. Central to the whole complex is the Great Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. She is the last of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. Its height was originally 146 m, but so far no one knows how the Egyptians moved the two-ton blocks to such a huge height. It is interesting to know that each landmark was built on average for about 20 years and for each accounted for 2 million blocks of limestone.
Statue of Ramses II. Cairo’s ancient masterpiece
The statue of Pharaoh Ramses II was discovered in 1882 during excavations. Its dimensions were colossal: 11 m high, 83 tons of weight and 3200 years of history. In 1950, the landmark decided to cut into 6 parts for transportation to the area in the center of Cairo. 56 years later, in order to avoid damage, the statue from the square was moved outside the city. It is planned that in 2015 it will stand in the Grand Egyptian Museum near Cairo.
Ramses II ruled for 60 years and was one of the most prolific builders of ancient Egypt. His statue symbolizes the power and significance of a great ruler for all of Egypt.
Khan al-Khalili – Cairo market
Khan al-Khalili is one of the largest markets in the world. It is located in the Islamic part of the city and every day attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world. Every corner of this monument is decorated with charming arches, carvings and mosaics. Small streets form complex mazes, the way out of which can be very difficult to find. On the territory of the market there are many ancient attractions, including the Al-Hussein Mosque – the most important Islamic shrine of Cairo.
Other sights of Cairo
Mosque ibn tulun
The Ibn Tulun Mosque was built in 879 and is currently one of the oldest in Cairo. The memorial was built in the center of the square, which is surrounded by covered halls and a beautiful minaret with a spiral staircase. The attraction is also popular with the fact that the 10th James Bond film “The Spy Who Loved Me” was filmed here.
Old Cairo – the center of the oldest attractions
Old Cairo is the most ancient part of the city, which was once the name of the Roman citadel Babylon. The dilapidated walls of the monument protect the churches of the Christian Coptic community, the first mosque in Egypt, as well as the oldest synagogue, thus representing the unity of the three main world religions before God. This is a great place to take pictures and relax from the noisy Cairo or resorts.
Saladin Citadel – Cairo Luxury
Saladin Citadel is a massive stone fortress built by the ruler of Salah ad-Din in the XII century. Visitors to this attraction have complete freedom of movement around the castle. Everyone can feel like the ruler of Saladin, go into any room, take a picture or just wander around the citadel all day.