Istanbul is an ancient, rich in historical vicissitudes of the city of Turkey. During its thousand-year history, it was burned to the ground many times, conquered and defeated, but all this time Istanbul remained the capital of the world, the largest historical and cultural landmark of mankind.
Dolmabahce Palace – the pride of Istanbul
Dolmabahche Palace – an elegant landmark on the shores of the Bosphorus pleases the eye with an unusual combination of traditional Ottoman architecture with traditional European: neoclassical style, baroque and rococo. The magnificent facade and amazing detail of the decorations will delight even experienced travelers. His luxury, he is not inferior even to the Palace of Versailles. Few people know, but 14 tons of gold leaf were used to build the sights. The main decoration was a Bohemian glass chandelier (a gift from Queen Victoria herself) and a new collection of paintings by Aivazovsky! At the moment, the palace serves as the residence of the Prime Minister of Turkey.
Suleymaniye Mosque – the spiritual shrine of Istanbul
Suleymaniye Mosque is the pearl of Islamic and Byzantine architecture, one of the main religious monuments of Turkey and a popular tourist destination of the capital. Every year the mosque is visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists, leaving amazing reviews. Many people call it an amazing source of spiritual peace and tranquility. In the mausoleums of the mosque, Sultan Suleiman himself and his wife Roksolana rest. This landmark of Istanbul is located on top of a hill, so it is very clearly visible from many parts of the city. A special landmark for tourists are the four minarets, which rise dozens of meters above the city. Mosque is required to visit.
Grand Bazaar – a landmark of Istanbul
Perhaps this is one of the most vivid and memorable tourist spots of the city. The Grand Bazaar is the largest covered market in the world with over 4,000 shops and retail stores. More than 500 thousand people visit it daily! This is the most popular and most visited landmark in Istanbul. Jewelry, carpets that “can fly”, spices, antiques and the famous hand-painted ceramics are in the highest demand here.
The Grand Bazaar dates back to 1461 from several shops and shops. Now it is the largest shopping complex, including 2 mosques, 4 fountains and even 2 hammams (Turkish steam baths). You just have to visit this wonderful place on your Istanbul tour.
Topkapi Palace – a historical landmark of Istanbul
At the moment, Topkapi is a historical museum, which contains valuable exhibits of the Ottoman Empire period. However, in the XV century, the palace was closed from prying eyes, it was the official residence of the Sultan and was one of the largest in the world! Today, this landmark allows everyone to see the sultan’s harem, collections of ancient weapons, palace kitchens, unique porcelain items, as well as collections of jewelry and watches of the Sultan. So take a look at all the beauties of Topkap Palace.
Istanbul Blue Mosque – Immense Wealth
The Blue Mosque was built at the beginning of the 17th century, it has survived many difficult historical events, however, divine services are held to this day. This brings some inconvenience to tourists, as the place of interest is closed 5 times a day for the service, all visitors must take off their shoes, and women must cover their hair. However, this is a small fee for what you see. The main riches of the Blue Mosque are beautiful decorations, more than 20,000 ceramic tiles of various shapes, about 200 stained glass windows with intricate designs and much more. This Istanbul mosque was built by Sultan Ahmet and takes its name from the blue tiles on the dome and in the upper levels of the interior.
Galata Tower. Istanbul sight
The Galata Tower is a mandatory participant in any tour, as it is in the TOP 10 best monuments of the city. It was built in 1348, however, it still towers over Istanbul, receiving thousands of tourists. At one time, the landmark was used as an observation tower for detecting enemies and fires. But tough times are over and now the tower is an excellent platform, offering a breathtaking panoramic view of the old city and the surrounding area. At the top of Galata there is a cozy cafe, restaurant and even a nightclub.
Landmark of Istanbul. Saint Sophie Cathedral
Hagia Sophia was once a house of worship and for the thousand-year history has managed to serve several religions. It was built in 537 for the needs of the Greek Orthodox basilica, which later became the home of the Patriarch of Constantinople. After 6 centuries, the cathedral served as a Roman Catholic church, and from 1453 to 1931 it was a mosque. Starting from 1935, they decided to make the landmark a museum open to visitors from around the world.