China is a country in Central and East Asia with its capital in Beijing known not only for its many architectural landmarks, but also for its distinctive culture, and national cuisine, and population, as well as all-time craftsmen, who copy the best manufacturers of equipment, clothing, and any other goods, selling them at an affordable price.
The official name of the country is the People’s Republic of China or in abbreviated form the People’s Republic of China. Chinese cuisine is famous for its unusual combination of products, adherence to spices, meat or fish served in small pieces along with side dishes. Adherence to products in dough or starch batter is also a Chinese fad. The Chinese, in their own way, celebrate the new year on February 10, they welcome guests, it’s the people with an open mind. The symbol of China is the dragon, and the country is often called the Celestial.
Here, many traditions in modern times remain the same as many centuries ago. The Chinese consider an elderly age to be respectable, for holidays they do not give large gifts to each other, they love rice, do not argue on political topics, greet them with a nod of their heads and consider red to be the color of joy and happiness. Remembering the sights of China, the first thing to note is the Great Wall of China.
The Great Wall of China – the main attraction of the country
The Great Wall of China is one of the largest and most ancient monuments of Chinese architecture. Its total length is more than 8 thousand kilometers. The wall began to be built in the 3rd century BC, when the emperor Qin Shi-Huangdi from the Qin dynasty ruled the country. The wall was supposed to protect China from the raids of the barbarians. In particular, it was supposed to protect the state from invading the nomadic people of the Huns. Nearly a million people were involved in the construction of the wall. During the Han dynasty, the building expanded and was completed, the Qing dynasty from Manchuria, on the contrary, gave reason to treat the wall with disdain, the history at the wall is great and mysterious.
Legends say that the solution for fastening stones to the wall was mixed in with powder made from human bones, and those who died at the construction site, of whom there were more than a million people, were buried right in the wall structure. This is actually not true. Although the wall is called the longest cemetery on the planet, and this is due to the fact that people here really did die, but no one made a solution from their bones. He was mixed with plain rice flour. Another legend has it that it is possible to see this landmark of China from space, but such an assumption was made long before the first flight into space and was later refuted.
Summer Imperial Palace in China
Another no less famous attraction of China is the Summer Imperial Palace in the Park Iheyuan, which is located on the outskirts of Beijing. Already by name it can be understood that this palace served as the summer residence of the emperors of one of the dynasties, namely Qing. Here is a garden and park complex of 290 hectares, three quarters of the territory is water. The lake, which is located here, provided Beijing with water, and was also a way to cross the sea to all parts of the city.
Classical oriental art can be seen in the architecture of this landmark in China. And nature and man-made here are combined into one. The palace in Chinese sounds like Iheyuan, which in translation means the Garden of Peace and Harmony. The palace is over 800 years old. Back in 1153 the palace was built during the reign of the Jin Dynasty and was called the Palace of the Golden Hill. The park near the palace and the building itself have since been restored many times, the park itself has also been renewed. In 1998, the landmark was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Daisy Sculptures – China’s Unique Landmark
An interesting attraction of China can also be called rock sculpture Dezi. They represent a whole series of religious drawings and sculptures of China, which were created before the 7th century AD. Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism – all these eastern religions have found their reflection in this cultural monument. Sculptures are located on the steep slopes of the mountains in the district of Dezi in Chongqing Municipality.
These unique rock sculptures are also World Heritage sites and consist of 75 protected sites that contain 50 thousand statues, with more than 100 thousand Chinese characters, including simple inscriptions and epigraphs. The main attractions of Daisy, which tourists often come to see, are on the Baoding and Beishan mountains. The earliest of them date to 650 BC.