Sights of Sevastopol
The name of the city of Sevastopol in Greek means majestic, worthy of worship. The city is more than two hundred years old and today it is one of the largest non-freezing trading ports and beautiful resort towns of the Crimea peninsula. This is the historical and cultural center of Ukraine and the city-hero. In addition, this city is directly connected with Russia, since the naval base of the Black Sea Fleet of this country is located in Sevastopol.
In Sevastopol, a huge number of bays, and they also belong to the sights of the city, like all its monuments, churches, streets and squares. Sevastopol has always been at the center of hostilities and the city has its own heroic history, as well as an advantageous geographical position. The fishing industry is the main type of production in this city, and tourism is one of the good sources of income. After all, the advantageous position of the city near the sea gives the majority of visitors a visit to Sevastopol, especially in summer.
Balaklava Bay – a landmark of Sevastopol
The tourist infrastructure here is very developed, and excursion routes around the city will give a reason to leave a lot of pleasant impressions from spending your summer leisure here. Remembering the attribute of Sevastopol – its bays, we can recall one of the main natural attractions of this type – Balaklava Bay. This bay is sheltered in the rocky mountains. Here, the crooked stony streets that stretch along the coast run past, the remnants of the Genoese fortress Cembalo rise to the sky and fresh sea air is felt.
There is a version that it is the landmark of Sevastopol called Balaklava Bay that Homer sang in the Odyssey, calling it a port of the Ligrigons. Granite and marble monuments that are found nearby are reminiscent of war times. Balaclava was described by Russian poets and writers A. Pushkin, A. Mitskevich, A. Kuprin and V. Bryusov. Here in Balaclava there are also its own sights: here is the estate of M. Wrangel, the temple of 12 apostles, as well as many dachas, which were built in the 19th century.
Chersonese – a legend and landmark of the Crimea
It is impossible not to remember the main attraction of Sevastopol, Tauric Chersonesos. Today it is a historical and archaeological reserve, which UNESCO recognized as one of the hundred outstanding monuments of world culture in 1996. Chersonesos was a colony of Greece and was founded by immigrants from Heraclea Pontic. The ruins of this ancient city are located at Quarantine Bay. Here lived doctors, sculptors, farmers, artisans, architects and artists. And for all the time of the existence of the city, its inhabitants had to wage war.
After the victory over the Scythians with the participation of the regiments of Tsar Mitriada 6 Euphator, led by commander Diofant, the city still could not remain autonomous and became part of the state of Mithiada. After that, Chersonese was always dependent on more powerful cities. In the 1st century BC, the city was dependent on the Roman Empire. When Christianity penetrated into Chersonesos in the 4th century, they began to destroy monuments of ancient times, as well as temples and theaters. Under the conditions of the feudal system, Chersonese still exists 1000 years after the invasion of the Huns, who failed to capture it.
In the 5th century, Chersonese became part of the Byzantine Empire, the Slavs called this city Korsun. Changed appearance of the city and its device. After the raids of nomads in the 13th and 14th centuries, Chersonese was finally destroyed and as early as the 15th century no one lived here anymore, the city turned into ruins, which were excavated as early as the 19th century and in the 80s of the 20th century.
Art Museum in Sevastopol
The undoubted attraction of Sevastopol is the art museum, opened on November 6, 1927. The collection of paintings of this museum is considered the richest and most fascinating, not only in the Crimea, but throughout Ukraine. The building itself – the museum building is considered an architectural landmark of the city. This is one of the buildings that survived during the war.
The museum today is a collection of more than 8 thousand works of painting, drawing, sculpture, as well as decorative and applied art. Here are also exhibitions of contemporary artists, as well as paintings by famous artists of the 16th and 20th centuries, such as Levitan, Shishkin, Repin, Aivazovsky, Serov, Vereshchagin, and many others.